On 23rd September 2013, Indonesia Climate Change Center has started a study to investigate the potentials of using biomass for ethanol fuel and their wastes for electricity to gain energy independence in remote areas. The study is about Crop to Energy on Degraded Land as a step toward Energy Independence, Carbon Sink Agriculture and protection of REDD+ designated areas.
Artissa Panjaitan, Low Emission Development Strategy Cluster Coordinator of ICCC, says that, “Ethanol for fuel can be started in Indonesia using the 1st generation technology based on starch/sugar materials, such as: cassava. At the same time, fast growing tropical crops that has little or no lignin can be processed using anaerobic digester to produce biogas for electricity. In the future, bio-ethanol should be developed from cellulosic materials to avoid competition with food. We will develop this study for plant and alternative technologies.”
In order to bring this idea into reality, critical issues that have hindered this initiative in the past will be addressed, such as: where the place for biomass farm, the policy to support bio-ethanol as a transportation fuel, inclusion of local people in the sector, protection of forest areas, avoiding competition between food and fuel production and designing the economic impact of this initiative.
The results are expected to help policy makers in designing Indonesia biofuel industry, the use of degraded land and protection of forests. The study will analyze stakeholders perspectives through desk studies, interviews, FGDs and workshops. ICCC hopes to finalize the results within 6 months from the start.